Особливості харчової підтримки у хворих на гострий панкреатит (огляд літератури)

  • S. M. Chooklin Львівська обласна клінічна лікарня
  • S. S. Chuklin Львівська обласна клінічна лікарня
  • G. V. Shershen Львівська обласна клінічна лікарня
  • P. M. Popyk Львівська обласна клінічна лікарня
Ключові слова: гострий панкреатит, лікування, харчова підтримка

Анотація

Харчування є істотною частиною у лікування хворих на гострий панкреатит. Очевидно, у легких та середньої тяжкості випадках нема необхідності застосовувати штучні методи харчування, навпаки, рекомендовано розпочати пероральне приймання їжі. Проте вид харчування і терміни його початку ще обговорюються. Якщо ж стан пацієнта тяжкий, доцільно розпочати ентеральне харчування, яке зменшує ризик приєднання інфекції, тривалість перебування в стаціонарі, смертність. Парентеральне харчування призначають лише, якщо ентеральне неможливе. Однак залишаються дискусійними, який вид харчування застосовувати краще, ефективніший шлях, а також правильний алгоритм дій при цьому. Огляд літератури присвячений розгляду усіх цих питань. Підсумовуючи, можна стверджувати про необхідність проведення більшої кількості досліджень із питання харчування у пацієнтів із гострим панкреатитом.

Посилання

Peery, A.F., Dellon, E.S., Lund, J., Crockett, S.D., McGowan, C.E., Bulsiewicz, W.J., …, Shaheen, N.J. (2012). Burden of gastrointestinal disease in the United States: 2012 update. Gastroenterology, 143 (5), 1179-1187. doi: 10.1053/j.gastro.2012.08.002

Spanier, B., Bruno, M.J., & Dijkgraaf, M.G. (2013). Incidence and mortality of acute and chronic pancreatitis in the Netherlands: a nationwide record-linked cohort study for the years 1995-2005. World J. Gastroenterol., 19 (20), 3018-3026. doi: 10.3748/wjg.v19.i20.3018

Van Santvoort, H.C., Bakker, O.J., Bollen, T.L., Besselink, M.G., Ahmed, Ali U., Schrijver, A.M., …, Dutch Pancreatitis Study Group. (2011). A conservative and minimally invasive approach to necrotizing pancreatitis improves outcome. Gastroenterology, 141(4), 1254-1263. doi: 10.1053/j.gastro.2011.06.073

Petrov, M.S., Shanbhag, S., Chakraborty, M., Phillips, A.R., & Windsor, J.A. (2010). Organ failure and infection of pancreatic necrosis as determinants of mortality in patients with acute pancreatitis. Gastroenterology, 139 (3), 813-820. doi: 10.1053/j.gastro.2010.06.010

Tonsi, A.F., Bacchion, M., Crippa, S., Malleo, G., & Bassi, C. (2009). Acute pancreatitis at the beginning of the 21st century: the state of the art. World J Gastroenterol, 15 (24), 2945-2959. doi: 0.3748/wjg.15.2945

Muddana, V., Whitcomb, D.C., & Papachristou, G.I. (2009). Current management and novel insights in acute pancreatitis. Expert Review of Gastroenterology & Hepatology, 3 (4), 435-444. doi: 10.1586/egh.09.27

Abou-Assi, S., & O'Keefe, S.J. (2002). Nutrition support during acute pancreatitis. Nutrition, 18 (11-12), 938-943.

Abou-Assi, S., & O'Keefe, S.J. (2001). Nutrition in acute pancreatitis. Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology, 32 (3), 203-209.

Zuo, Y.Y., Kang, Y., Yin, W.H., Wang, B., & Chen, Y. (2012). The association of mean glucose level and glucose variability with intensive care unit mortality in patients with severe acute pancreatitis. Journal of Critical Care, 27 (2), 146-152. doi: 10.1016/j.jcrc.2011.12.004

Vujasinovic, M., Tepes, B., Makuc, J., Rudolf, S., Zaletel, J., Vidmar, T., …, Birsa, B. (2014). Pancreatic exocrine insufficiency, diabetes mellitus and serum nutritional markers after acute pancreatitis. World J. Gastroenterol, 20 (48), 18432-18438. doi: 10.3748/wjg.v20.i48.18432

da Costa, D.W., Boerma, D., van Santvoort, H.C., Horvath, K.D., Werner, J., Carter, C.R., …, Bakker, O.J. (2014). Staged multidisciplinary step-up management for necrotizing pancreatitis. The British Journal of Surgery, 101 (1), e65-79. doi: 10.1002/bjs.9346

O'Keefe, S.J., Broderick, T., Turner, M., Stevens S., & O'Keefe, J.S. (2003). Nutrition in the management of necrotizing pancreatitis. Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology, 1 (4), 315-321.

Ziegler, T.R. (2009). Parenteral nutrition in the critically ill patient. The New England Journal of Medicine, 361 (11), 1088-1097. doi: 10.1056/NEJMct0806956

O’Keefe, S.J., Lee, R.B., Li, J., Stevens, S., Abou-Assi, S., Zhou, W. (2005). Trypsin secretion and turnover in patients with acute pancreatitis. Am. J. Physiol. Gastrointest. Liver Physiol., 289 (2), G181-G187. doi: 10.1152/ajpgi.00297.2004

Boreham, B., & Ammori, B.J. (2003). A prospective evaluation of pancreatic exocrine function in patients with acute pancreatitis: correlation with extent of necrosis and pancreatic endocrine insufficiency. Pancreatology, 3 (4), 303-308. doi: 10.1159/000071768

Petrov, M.S., Correia, M.I., & Windsor, J.A. (2008). Nasogastric tube feeding in predicted severe acute pancreatitis. A systematic review of the literature to determine safety and tolerance. JOP, 9 (4), 440-448.

Wu, L.M., Sankaran, S.J., Plank, L.D., Windsor, J.A., & Petrov, M.S. (2014). Meta-analysis of gut barrier dysfunction in patients with acute pancreatitis. The British journal of surgery, 101 (13), 1644-1656. doi: 10.1002/bjs.9665

Hermsen, J.L., Sano, Y., & Kudsk, K.A. (2009). Food fight! Parenteral nutrition, enteral stimulation and gutderived mucosal immunity. Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery, 394 (1), 17-30. doi: 10.1007/s00423-008-0339-x

Capurso, G., Zerboni, G., Signoretti, M., Valente, R., Stigliano, S., Piciucchi, M., …, Delle Fave, G. (2012). Role of the gut barrier in acute pancreatitis. Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology, 46, S46-51. doi: 10.1097/MCG.0b013e3182652096

Fritz, S., Hackert, T., Hartwig, W., Rossmanith, F., Strobel, O., Schneider, L., …, Werner, J. (2010). Bacterial translocation and infected pancreatic necrosis in acute necrotizing pancreatitis derives from small bowel rather than from colon. American Journal of Surgery, 200 (1), 111-117. doi: 10.1016/j.amjsurg.2009.08.019

Eckerwall, G.E., Axelsson, J.B., & Andersson, R.G. (2006). Early nasogastric feeding in predicted severe acute pancreatitis: A clinical, randomized study. Annals of Surgery, 244 (6), 959-967. doi: 10.1097/01.sla.0000246866.01930.58

Abou-Assi, S., Craig, K., O'Keefe, S.J. (2002). Hypocaloric jejunal feeding is better than total parenteral nutrition in acute pancreatitis: results of a randomized comparative study. The American Journal of Gastroenterology, 97 (9), 2255-2262. doi: 10.1111/j.1572-0241.2002.05979.x

Casas, M., Mora, J., Fort, E., Aracil, C., Busquets, D., Galter, S., …, Farré, A. (2007). [Total enteral nutrition vs. total parenteral nutrition in patients with severe acute pancreatitis]. Revista Espanola de Enfermedades Digestivas, 99 (5), 264-269.

Gupta, R., Patel, K., Calder, P.C., Yaqoob, P., Primrose, J.N., Johnson, C.D. (2003). A randomised clinical trial to assess the effect of total enteral and total parenteral nutritional support on metabolic, inflammatory and oxidative markers in patients with predicted severe acute pancreatitis (APACHE II > or =6). Pancreatology, 3 (5), 406-413. doi: 10.1159/000073657

Kalfarentzos, F., Kehagias, J., Mead, N., Kokkinis, K., & Gogos, C.A. (1997). Enteral nutrition is superior to parenteral nutrition in severe acute pancreatitis: results of a randomized prospective trial. The British Journal of Surgery, 84 (12), 1665-1669.

Louie, B.E., Noseworthy, T., Hailey, D., Gramlich, L.M., Jacobs, P., Warnock, G.L. (2005). 2004 MacLean-Mueller prize enteral or parenteral nutrition for severe pancreatitis: a randomized controlled trial and health technology assessment. Canadian Journal of Surgery, 48 (4), 298-306.

McClave, S.A., Greene, L.M., Snider, H.L, Makk, L.J., Cheadle, W.G., Owens, N.A., …, Goldsmith, L.J. (1997) Comparison of the safety of early enteral vs parenteral nutrition in mild acute pancreatitis. JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition, 21 (1), 14-20. doi: 10.1177/014860719702100114

Olah, A., Pardavi, G., Belagyi, T., Nagy, A., Issekutz, A., & Mohamed, G.E. (2002). Early nasojejunal feeding in acute pancreatitis is associated with a lower complication rate. Nutrition, 18 (3), 259-262.

Petrov, M.S., Kukosh, M.V., & Emelyanov, N.V. (2006). A randomized controlled trial of enteral versus parenteral feeding in patients with predicted severe acute pancreatitis shows a significant reduction in mortality and in infected pancreatic complications with total enteral nutrition. Digestive Surgery, 23 (5-6), 336-344. doi: 0.1159/000097949

Wu, X.M., Ji, K.Q., Wang, H.Y., Li, G.F., Zang, B., & Chen, W.M. (2010). Total enteral nutrition in prevention of pancreatic necrotic infection in severe acute pancreatitis. Pancreas, 39 (2), 248-251. doi: 10.1097/MPA.0b013e3181bd6370

Doley, R.P., Yadav, T.D., Wig, J.D., Kochhar R, Singh G, Bharathy KG, …, Vaishnavi C. (2009). Enteral nutrition in severe acute pancreatitis. JOP: Journal of the Pancreas, 10 (2), 157-162.

Windsor, A.C., Kanwar, S., Li, A.G., Barnes, E., Guthrie, J.A., Spark, J.I., …, Reynolds, J.V. (1998). Compared with parenteral nutrition, enteral feeding attenuates the acute phase response and improves disease severity in acute pancreatitis. Gut, 42 (3), 431-435.

Yi, F., Ge, L., Zhao, J., Lei, Y., Zhou, F., Chen, Z., Xia, B. (2012). Meta-analysis: total parenteral nutrition versus total enteral nutrition in predicted severe acute pancreatitis. Internal Medicine (Tokyo, Japan), 51 (6), 523-530.

Al-Omran, M., Albalawi, Z.H., Tashkandi, M.F., & Al-Ansary, L.A. (2010). Enteral versus parenteral nutrition for acute pancreatitis. The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, CD002837. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD002837.pub2

Petrov, M.S., van Santvoort, H.C., Besselink, M.G., van der Heijden, G.J., Windsor, J.A., Gooszen, H.G. (2008). Enteral nutrition and the risk of mortality and infectious complications in patients with severe acute pancreatitis: a meta-analysis of randomized trials. Archives of Surgery, 143 (11), 1111-1117. doi: 10.1001/archsurg.143.11.1111

Working Group IAP/APA Acute Pancreatitis Guidelines. (2013). IAP/APA evidence-based guidelines for the management of acute pancreatitis. Pancreatology, 13 (4 Suppl. 2), e1-15. doi: 10.1016/j.pan.2013.07.063

Tenner, S., Baillie, J., DeWitt, J., Vege, S.S., …, American College of Gastroenterology. (2013). American College of Gastroenterology guideline: management of acute pancreatitis. The American Journal of Gastroenterology, 108 (9), 1400-1415, 1416. doi: 10.1038/ajg.2013.218

Mirtallo, J.M., Forbes, A., McClave, S.A., Jensen GL, Waitzberg DL, Davies AR, …, International Consensus Guideline Committee Pancreatitis Task Force. (2012). International consensus guidelines for nutrition therapy in pancreatitis. JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition, 36 (3), 284-291. doi: 10.1177/0148607112440823

Meier, R., Ockenga, J., Pertkiewicz, M., Pap, A, Milinic, N., Macfie, J., …, ESPEN (European Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition). (2006). ESPEN Guidelines on Enteral Nutrition: Pancreas. Clinical Nutrition, 25 (2), 275-284. doi: 10.1016/j.clnu.2006.01.019

Mounzer, R., Langmead, C.J., Wu, B.U., Evans, A.C., Bishehsari, F., Muddana, V., …, Papachristou, G.I. (2012) Comparison of existing clinical scoring systems to predict persistent organ failure in patients with acute pancreatitis. Gastroenterology, 142 (7), 1476-1482. doi: 10.1053/j.gastro.2012.03.005

Besselink, M.G., van Santvoort, H.C., Boermeester, M.A., Nieuwenhuijs, V.B., van Goor, H., Dejong, C.H., …, Dutch Acute Pancreatitis Study Group. (2009). Timing and impact of infections in acute pancreatitis. The British Journal of Surgery, 96 (3), 267-273. doi: 10.1002/bjs.6447

Nuesch, E., Trelle, S., Reichenbach, S., Rutjes, A., Tschannen, B., Altman, D., …, Juni, P. (2010). Small study effects in meta-analyses of osteoarthritis trials: meta-epidemiological study. BMJ, 341, c3515. doi: 10.1136/bmj.c3515

Pleva, M., Mirtallo, J.M., & Steinberg, S.M. (2009). Hyperglycemic events in non-intensive care unit patients receiving parenteral nutrition. Nutrition in Clinical Practice: Official Publication of the American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition, 24 (5), 626-634. doi: 10.1177/0884533609339069

Pasquel, F.J., Spiegelman, R., McCauley, M., Smiley, D., Umpierrez, D., Johnson, R., …, Umpierrez, G.E. (2010). Hyperglycemia during total parenteral nutrition: an important marker of poor outcome and mortality in hospitalized patients. Diabetes Care, 33 (4), 739-741. doi: 10.2337/dc09-1748

Umpierrez, G.E., Hellman, R., Korytkowski, M.T., Maynard, G.A., Montori, V.M., Seley, J.J., …, Endocrine Society. (2012). Management of hyperglycemia in hospitalized patients in non-critical care setting: an endocrine society clinical practice guideline. The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, 97 (1), 16-38. doi: 10.1210/jc.2011-2098

Gosmanov, A.R., & Umpierrez, G.E. (2013). Management of hyperglycemia during enteral and parenteral nutrition therapy. Current Diabetes Reports, 13 (1), 155-162. doi: 10.1007/s11892-012-0335-y

Arabi, Y.M., Aldawood, A.S., Haddad, S.H., Tamim, H.M., Haddad SH., Jones, G., …, PermiT trial group. (2015). Permissive Underfeeding or Standard Enteral Feeding in Critically Ill Adults. The New England Journal of Medicine, 372 (25), 2398-2408. doi: 10.1164/rccm.201605-1012OC

Bost, R.B., Tjan, D.H., & van Zanten, A.R. (2014). Timing of (supplemental) parenteral nutrition in critically ill patients: a systematic review. Annals of Intensive Care, 4, 31. doi: 10.1186/s13613-014-0031-y

Casaer, M.P., Mesotten, D., Hermans, G., Wouters, P.J., Schetz, M., Meyfroidt, G., …, Van den Berghe, G. (2011). Early versus late parenteral nutrition in critically ill adults. The New England Journal of Medicine, 365 (6), 506-517. doi: 10.1056/NEJMoa1102662

Petrov, M.S., Pylypchuk, R.D., & Uchugina, A.F. (2009). A systematic review on the timing of artificial nutrition in acute pancreatitis. The British Journal of Nutrition; 101 (6), 787-793. doi: 10.1017/S0007114508123443

Sun, J.K., Mu, X.W., Li, W.Q., Tong, Z.H., Li, J., & Zheng, S.Y. (2013). Effects of early enteral nutrition on immune function of severe acute pancreatitis patients. World J. Gastroenterol., 19 (6), 917-922. doi: 10.3748/wjg.v19.i6.917

Wereszczynska-Siemiatkowska, U., Swidnicka-Siergiejko, A., Siemiatkowski, A., & Dabrowski, A. (2013). Early enteral nutrition is superior to delayed enteral nutrition for the prevention of infected necrosis and mortality in acute pancreatitis. Pancreas, 42 (4) 640-646. doi: 10.1097/MPA.0b013e318271bb61

Li, J.Y., Yu, T., Chen, G.C., Yuan, Y.H., Zhong, W., Zhao, L.N., & Chen, Q.K. (2013) Enteral nutrition within 48 hours of admission improves clinical outcomes of acute pancreatitis by reducing complications: a meta-analysis. PLoS One, 8 (6), e64926. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0064926

Bakker, O.J., van Brunschot, S., Farre, A., Johnson, C.D., Kalfarentzos, F., Louie, B.E., …, Gooszen, H.G. (2014). Timing of enteral nutrition in acute pancreatitis: meta-analysis of individuals using a single-arm of randomised trials. Pancreatology, 14 (5), 340-346. doi: 10.1016/j.pan.2014.07.008

Pezzilli, R., Zerbi, A., Campra, D., Capurso, G., Golfieri, R., Arcidiacono, P.G., …, Balzano, G. (2015). Consensus guidelines on severe acute pancreatitis. Digestive and Liver Disease, 47 (7), 532-543. doi: 10.1016/j.dld.2015.03.022

McClave, S.A., & Ritchie, C.S. (2000). Artificial nutrition in pancreatic disease: what lessons have we learned from the literature? Clinical Nutrition, 19 (1), 1-6. doi: 0.1054/clnu.1999.0071

Pandey, S.K., Ahuja, V., Joshi, Y.K., & Sharma, M.P. (2004). A randomized trial of oral refeeding compared with jejunal tube refeeding in acute pancreatitis. Indian Journal of Gastroenterology, 23 (2), 53-55.

Petrov, M.S., van Santvoort, H.C., Besselink, M.G., Cirkel, G.A., Brink, M.A., & Gooszen, H.G. (2007). Oral refeeding after onset of acute pancreatitis: a review of literature. The American Journal of Gastroenterology, 102 (9), 2079-2084. doi: 10.1111/j.1572-0241.2007.01357.x

Petrov, M.S., McIlroy, K., Grayson, L., Phillips, A.R., & Windsor, J.A. (2013). Early nasogastric tube feeding versus nil per os in mild to moderate acute pancreatitis: a randomized controlled trial. Clinical Nutrition, 32 (5), 697-703. doi: 10.1016/j.clnu.2012.12.011

Eckerwall, G.E., Tingstedt, B.B., Bergenzaun, P.E., & Andersson, R.G. (2007). Immediate oral feeding in patients with mild acute pancreatitis is safe and may accelerate recovery--a randomized clinical study. Clinical Nutrition, 26 (6), 758-763. doi: 10.1016/j.clnu.2007.04.007

Teich, N., Aghdassi, A., Fischer, J., Walz, B., Caca, K., Wallochny, T., …, Schiefke, I. (2010). Optimal timing of oral refeeding in mild acute pancreatitis: results of an open randomized multicenter trial. Pancreas, 39 (7), 1088-1092. doi: 10.1097/MPA.0b013e3181d3ce05

Greenberg, J.A., Hsu, J., Bawazeer, M., Marshall, J., Friedrich, J.O., Nathens, A., …, McLeod, R.S. (2016). Clinical practice guideline: management of acute pancreatitis. Canadian Journal of Surgery, 59 (2) 128-140. doi: 10.1503/cjs.015015

Sathiaraj, E., Murthy, S., Mansard, M.J., Rao, G.V., Mahukar, S., & Reddy, D.N. (2008) Clinical trial: oral feeding with a soft diet compared with clear liquid diet as initial meal in mild acute pancreatitis. Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics, 28 (6), 777-781.

Rajkumar, N., Karthikeyan, V.S., Ali, S.M., Sistla, S.C., & Kate, V. (2013). Clear liquid diet vs soft diet as the initial meal in patients with mild acute pancreatitis: a randomized interventional trial. Nutrition in Clinical Practice, 28 (3), 365-370. doi: 10.1177/0884533612466112

Moraes, J.M., Felga, G.E., Chebli, L.A., Franco, M.B., Gomes, C.A., Gaburri, P.D., …, Chebli, J.M. (2010). A full solid diet as the initial meal in mild acute pancreatitis is safe and result in a shorter length of hospitalization: results from a prospective, randomized, controlled, double-blind clinical trial. Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology, 44 (7), 517-522. doi: 10.1097/MCG.0b013e3181c986b3

Spanier, B.W., Bruno, M.J., & Mathus-Vliegen, E.M. (2011). Enteral nutrition and acute pancreatitis: a review. World J. Gastroenterol., 20 (43), 16123-16131. doi: 10.3748/wjg.v20.i43.16123

Larino-Noia, J., Lindkvist, B., Iglesias-Garcia, J., Seijo-Rios, S., Iglesias-Canle, J., & Dominguez-Munoz, J.E. (2014). Early and/or immediately full caloric diet versus standard refeeding in mild acute pancreatitis: a randomized open-label trial. Pancreatology, 14 (3), 167-173. doi: 10.1016/j.pan.2014.02.008

Meng, W.B., Li, X., Li, Y.M., Zhou, W.C., Zhu, X.L. (2011). Three initial diets for management of mild acute pancreatitis: a meta-analysis. World Journal of Gastroenterology, 17 (37), 4235-4241. doi: 10.3748/wjg.v17.i37.4235

Li, J., Xue, G.J., Liu, Y.L. Zhao, X.L., Wan, M.H., Chen, G.Y., …, Tang, W.F. (2013) Early oral refeeding wisdom in patients with mild acute pancreatitis. Pancreas, 42(1), 88-91. doi: 10.1097/MPA.0b013e3182575fb5

Zhao, X.L., Zhu, S.F., Xue, G.J., Li, J., Liu, Y.L., Wan, M.H., …, Tang, W.F. (2015). Early oral refeeding based on hunger in moderate and severe acute pancreatitis: a prospective controlled, randomized clinical trial. Nutrition, 31 (1), 171-175. doi: 10.1016/j.nut.2014.07.002

McClave, S.A., & Heyland, D.K. (2009). The physiologic response and associated clinical benefits from provision of early enteral nutrition. Nutrition in Clinical Practice, 24 (3), 305-315. doi: 10.1177/0884533609335176

Wu, X.M., Liao, Y.W., Wang, H.Y., Ji, K.Q., Li, G.F., & Zang, B. (2015). When to initialize enteral nutrition in patients with severe acute pancreatitis? A retrospective review in a single institution experience (2003-2013). Pancreas, 44 (3), 507-511. doi: 10.1097/MPA.0000000000000293

O’Keefe, S., Rolniak, S., Raina, A., Graham, T., Hegazi, R., & Centa-Wagner, P. (2012). Enteral feeding patients with gastric outlet obstruction. Nutrition in Clinical Practice, 27 (1), 76-81. doi: 10.1177/0884533611432935

Meier, R., Beglinger, C., Layer, P., Gullo, L., Keim, V., Laugier, R., Friess, H, …, ESPEN Consensus Group. ESPEN guidelines on nutrition in acute pancreatitis. European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition. Clinical Nutrition (Edinburgh, Scotland), 21 (2), 173-183. doi: 10.1054/clnu.2002.0543

Bakker, O.J., van Brunschot, S., van Santvoort, H.C., Besselink, M., Bollen, T.L., Boermeester, M., …, Group the Dutch Pancreatitis Study. (2014) Early versus on-demand nasoenteric tube feeding in acute pancreatitis. The New England Journal of Medicine, 371 (21), 1983-1993. doi: 10.1056/NEJMoa1404393

Prabhakaran, S., Doraiswamy, V.A., Nagaraja, V., Cipolla, J., Ofurum, U., Evans, D.C., …, Stawicki, S.P. (2012). Nasoenteric tube complications. Scandinavian Journal of Surgery, 101 (3), 147-155. doi: 10.1177/145749691210100302

Heyland, D.K., Schroter-Noppe, D., Drover, J.W., Jain, M., Keefe, L., Dhaliwal, R., Day, A. (2003). Nutrition support in the critical care setting: current practice in canadian ICUs--opportunities for improvement? JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition, 27 (1), 74-83. doi: 10.1177/014860710302700174

Rubinson, L., Diette, G.B., Song, X., Brower, R.G., & Krishnan, J.A. (2004). Low caloric intake is associated with nosocomial bloodstream infections in patients in the medical intensive care unit. Critical Care Medicine, 32 (2), 350-357. doi: 10.1097/01.CCM.0000089641.06306.68

Dvir, D., Cohen, J., & Singer, P. (2006). Computerized energy balance and complications in critically ill patients: an observational study. Clinical Nutrition, 25 (1), 37-44. doi: 10.1016/j.clnu.2005.10.010

Villet, S., Chiolero, R.L., Bollmann, M.D., Revelly, J.P., Cayeux, R. N. M.C., Delarue, J., & Berger, M.M. (2005). Negative impact of hypocaloric feeding and energy balance on clinical outcome in ICU patients. Clinical Nutrition, 24 (4), 502-509. doi: 10.1016/j.clnu.2005.03.006

Alberda, C., Gramlich, L., Jones, N., Jeejeebhoy, K., Day, A.G., Dhaliwal, R., & Heyland, D.K. (2009). The relationship between nutritional intake and clinical outcomes in critically ill patients: results of an international multicenter observational study. Intensive Care Medicine, 35 (10), 1728-1737. doi: 10.1007/s00134-009-1567-4

O'Keefe, S.J. (2006). Physiological response of the human pancreas to enteral and parenteral feeding. Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care, 9 (5), 622-628. doi: 10.1097/01.mco.0000241675.63041.ca

O'Keefe, S.J., Lee, R.B., Li, J., Zhou, W., Stoll, B., & Dang, Q. (2006). Trypsin and splanchnic protein turnover during feeding and fasting in human subjects. American Journal of Physiology. Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology, 290 (2), G213-221. doi: 10.1152/ajpgi.00170.2005

Kaushik, N., Pietraszewski, M., Holst, J.J., & O'Keefe, S.J. (2005). Enteral feeding without pancreatic stimulation. Pancreas, 31 (4), 353-359.

Singh, N., Sharma, B., Sharma, M., Sachdev, V., Bhardwaj, P., Mani, K., …, Saraya, A. (2012). Evaluation of early enteral feeding through nasogastric and nasojejunal tube in severe acute pancreatitis: a noninferiority randomized controlled trial. Pancreas, 41 (1), 153-159. doi: 10.1097/MPA.0b013e318221c4a8

Eatock, F.C., Chong, P., Menezes, N., Murray, L,, McKay, C.J., Carter, C.R., & Imrie, C.W. (2005). A randomized study of early nasogastric versus nasojejunal feeding in severe acute pancreatitis. The American Journal of Gastroenterology, 100 (2), 432-439. doi: 10.1111/j.1572-0241.2005.40587.x

Kumar, A., Singh, N., Prakash, S., Saraya, A., & Joshi, Y.K. (2006). Early enteral nutrition in severe acute pancreatitis: a prospective randomized controlled trial comparing nasojejunal and nasogastric routes. Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology, 40 (5), 431-434.

Nally, D.M., Kelly, E.G., Clarke, M., & Ridgway, P. (2014). Nasogastric nutrition is efficacious in severe acute pancreatitis: a systematic review and meta-analysis. The British Journal of Nutrition, 112 (11), 1769-1778. doi: 10.1017/S0007114514002566

Chang, Y.S., Fu, H.Q., Xiao, Y.M., Liu, J.C. (2013). Nasogastric or nasojejunal feeding in predicted severe acute pancreatitis: a meta-analysis. Critical Care, 17 (3), R118. doi: 10.1186/cc12790

Gerritsen, A., Besselink, M.G., Cieslak, K.P., Vriens, M.R., Steenhagen, E., van Hillegersberg, R., ..., Molenaar, I.Q. (2012). Efficacy and complications of nasojejunal, jejunostomy and parenteral feeding after pancreaticoduodenectomy. Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery, 16 (6), 1144-1151. doi: 10.1007/s11605-012-1887-5

Piciucchi, M., Merola, E., Marignani, M., Signoretti, M., Valente, R., Cocomello, L., …, Delle Fave, G. (2010). Nasogastric or nasointestinal feeding in severe acute pancreatitis. World Journal of Gastroenterology, 16 (29), 3692-3696. doi: 10.3748/wjg.v16.i29.3692

Alhazzani, W., Almasoud, A., Jaeschke, R., Lo, B.W., Sindi, A., Altayyar, S., Fox-Robichaud, A.E. (2013). Small bowel feeding and risk of pneumonia in adult critically ill patients: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized trials. Critical Care, 17 (4), R127. doi: 10.1186/cc12806

Marik, P.E., & Zaloga, G.P. (2003). Gastric versus post-pyloric feeding: a systematic review. Critical Care, 7 (3), R46-51. doi: 10.1186/cc2190

Ho, K.M., Dobb, G.J., & Webb, S.A. (2006). A comparison of early gastric and post-pyloric feeding in critically ill patients: a meta-analysis. Intensive Care Medicine, 32 (5), 639-649. doi: 10.1007/s00134-006-0128-3

Chang, Y.S., Fu, H.Q., Xiao, Y.M., & Liu, J.C. (2013). Nasogastric or nasojejunal feeding in predicted severe acute pancreatitis: a meta-analysis. Critical Care (London, England), 17 (3), R118. doi: 10.1186/cc12790

Gerritsen, A., de Rooij, T., van der Poel, M.J., Dijkgraaf, M.G., Bemelman, W.A., Busch, O.R., …, Mathus-Vliegen, E.M. (2014). Endoscopic versus bedside electromagnetic-guided placement of nasoenteral feeding tubes in surgical patients. Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery, 18 (9), 1664-1672. doi: 10.1007/s11605-014-2582-2585

Boyer, N., McCarthy, M.S., & Mount, C.A. (2014). Analysis of an electromagnetic tube placement device versus a self-advancing nasal jejunal device for postpyloric feeding tube placement. Journal of Hospital Medicine, 9 (1), 23-28. doi: 10.1002/jhm.2122

Wang, X., Zhang, L., Wu, C., Li, N., & Li, J. (2014). The application of electromagnetically guided post-pyloric feeding tube placement in critically ill patients. Journal of Investigative Surgery, 27 (1), 21-26. doi: 10.3109/08941939.2013.826310

Gerritsen, A., van der Poel, M.J., de Rooij, T., Molenaar, I.Q., Bergman, J.J., Busch, O.R., …, Besselink, M.G. (2015). Systematic review on bedside electromagnetic-guided, endoscopic, and fluoroscopic placement of nasoenteral feeding tubes. Gastrointestinal Endoscopy, 81 (4), 836-847. doi: 10.1016/j.gie.2014.10.040

Опубліковано
2018-10-17
Номер
Розділ
Огляди