ENDOVASCULAR ANGIOPLASTY FOR MULTI-LEVEL STENOTIC-OCCLUSIVE LESIONS OF THE FEMORAL-DISTAL ARTERIAL BED IN CASES OF STENOTIC-OCCLUSIVE PROCESS OF THE TIBIAL ARTERIES
Keywords:vascular surgery, endovascular angioplasty, stenotic-occlusive process, atherosclerosis, revascularization
Background. Occlusive-stenotic lesions of the lower extremity arteries are the second in the structure of cardiovascular diseases, after only coronary heart disease. Surgical treatment of patients with infrainguinal atherosclerotic lesions of the arterial segment is challenging in a number of cases. At the same time, revascularizing surgical interventions on the femoral-distal artery and especially on the tibial arteries in chronic critical ischemia is the only chance to avoid amputation of the lower limb. In this regard, the search and study of optimal methods of revascularizing surgery on the infrainguinal artery for stenotic-occlusive lesions of the arteries of the tibial segment is urgent.
Objective. This study is aimed at promotion of endovascular and hybrid technology in cases of stenotic-occlusive process of the tibial arteries and choosing the optimal surgical treatment tactics in this case.
Methods. Endovascular interventions of the femoral-distal arterial bed in cases of stenotic-occlusive process of the tibial arteries performed for 135 patients at the Department of Vascular and Cardiac Surgery of Ternopil Regional Clinical Hospital have been analysed.
Results. In most cases, endovascular angioplasty of two tibial arteries in hybrid and endovascular methods of revascularization of multilevel atherosclerotic process of the femoral-distal arterial segment of the lower extremity prevents development of thrombosis in tibial segment and allows maintaining the patency of the reconstruction segment and preservation of the lower extremity in 97.57% and 93.44% of cases, respectively.
Conclusions. Endovascular angioplasty of two tibial arteries provides a better result than angioplasty of one isolated tibial artery and allows maintaining the patency of the reconstructed segment for more than 90 percent compare to one isolated angioplasty.
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