Mineral composition of parsnip (PASTINACA SATIVA L.) Roots and fruits «PETRIK» variety
Keywords:parsnip, macro- and microelements, atomic emission spectroscopy.
Introduction. Human health preserving in an environment of eco-depending pathologies is the most important issue of modern medicine and pharmacy. The presence of certain mineral substances in the body in an appropriate quantity is one of the conditions for maintaining and preserving human health. Despite the fact that minerals do not have energy value, like proteins, fats and carbohydrates, many enzymatic processes in the body are impossible without their participation. Thus, the most important functions of a living organism are the realization of genetic information, the formation of subcellular structures, metabolic processes of energy production, the functioning of all organs and systems, depend on the quantitative and qualitative content of mineral substances in the body.
The aim of the study – to determine macro- and microelement composition of parsnip`s roots and fruits of "Petrik" variety.
Research Methods. Determination of the qualitative and quantitative composition of macro- and microelements of dried parsnip`s roots and fruits – Pastinaca sativa L. "Petrik" variety was carried out by atomic-emission spectroscopy with photographic registration in the State scientific institution "Institute for single crystals" of National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine.
Results and Discussion. 19 elements were detected as a result of experimental studies. The roots predominantly contains potassium (2010.00 mg of /100 g), calcium (435.00 mg/100g), magnesium (300.00 mg/100g), sodium (270.00 mg /100 g), phosphorus (235.00 mg/100g); in fruits – potassium (1510.00 mg/kg). Roots are rich on zinc (13.40 mg/100g). Content of other elements are less than 0.1 mg /100 g.
Conclusions. 19 elements were found in the roots and fruits of parsnip. Potassium (2010.00 mg/100g), calcium (435.00 mg/100g), magnesium (300.00 mg/100g) are dominated in the roots of parsnip; potassium is dominated in fruits (1510.00 mg/100 g). The results of the research will be used for further phytochemical studies of parsnip and the development of new drugs on it base.
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