The state of oral hygiene and the structure of periodontal pathology in adolescents 15-16 years old
Summary. Dental caries and periodontal diseases are among the most common human diseases. The assessment of the prevalence and intensity across the state is carried out by epidemiological studies. The study of the epidemiology of dental disease among children of Donetsk region underlies the planning and organizing dental care for children, identifying the need for prevention and treatment, as well as enables to evaluate the quality of the medical and preventive measures [1, 2]. The study of the epidemiology of dental diseases among the children of the Donetsk region underlies the planning and organization of dental care for children, identifying the need for prevention and treatment, and also allows you to assess the quality level of medical and preventive measures. The spread of gingivitis in children reaches 35–40 %. According to the literature the leading factor in the development of inflammatory diseases of periodontal tissues is oral hygiene.
The aim of the study – to learn the state of oral hygiene and the structure of periodontal pathology in teenagers aged 15–16 years old in Kramatorsk.
Materials and Methods. Clinical (medical examination, anamnesis), paraclinical (Pisarev-Schiller test, PMA, CPITN), hygienic condition was evaluated by Green-Vermillion hygiene index.
Results and Discussion. The previous test showed that catarrhal gingivitis is more prevalent in periodontal pathology (48 %). The hygienic condition of the oral cavity according to Green-Vermillion hygiene index scale is “poor” (26.2 %) and “unsatisfactory” (39 %).
Conclusions. Thus, oral hygiene is a leading factor in the development of inflammatory diseases of periodontal tissues in teenagers aged 15–16 years old, which requires the development of therapeutic and prophylactic complexes that support the hygienic state at a "satisfactory" level.
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