ANALYSIS OF DENTAL IMPLANTATION IN SERVICEMEN WITH SECONDARY ADENTIA AND RECOMMENDATIONS FOR ITS TREATMENT
Keywords:servicemen, secondary adentia, dental implantation, medical rehabilitation system, social and clinical parameters
Background. In the article on the basis of statistical analysis of information on dental implantation in servicemen with secondary adentia the analysis of treatment results is carried out and on the basis of generalization of results recommendations on improvement of treatment are substantiated.
Materials and methods. IThe object of the study is the medical rehabilitation of combatants with secondary defects of the dentition. The following research methods were used during the research: observation, generalization, statistical analysis, synthesis.
Results. Studies conducted at the Central Dental Clinic of the Ministry of Defense of Ukraine during the practical treatment of military suggest that in 2015-2020, dental implants were performed in more than 700 patients with secondary adentia, among servicemen involved in hostilities in eastern Ukraine. A total of 3598 dental implants were installed. At the same time, the number of servicemen among the participants in the war in eastern Ukraine who need dental implants is constantly growing and today is more than two thousand military.
The order of complex treatment of patients with secondary adentia included three successive stages: diagnostic, surgical, orthopedic. These stages are interrelated and different in terms of duration over time. These stages are different in duration. The most difficult is the second stage, the duration of which can reach up to 6 months.
According to research, the largest number of servicemen with secondary adentia, replacement of defects in which nonremovable orthopedic structures is possible only with the use of dental implants is 76 % for the selected evaluation period, which indicates the priority of this treatment.
Conclusions. Thus, the order of complex treatment of dental implantation in military with secondary adentia is considered, as well as indicators of the number of servicemen who were treated using the proposed classification. It is determined that the restoration of masticatory function caused by tooth loss is an urgent problem of dentistry.
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