PROSPECTS OF PHARMACOLOGICAL APPLICATION OF NEUROPEPTIDE Y AND ITS FRAGMENTS
Introduction. The article presents an overview of the literature data on the biologically active peptide – neuropeptide Y, the system of its receptors, their role in the human body and research on the study of their therapeutic and preventive effectiveness. The study of endogenous compounds with biological activity opens the way to the creation of new safe medicines for the therapy and prevention of various pathological conditions. Neuropeptide Y is a biologically active peptide widespread in the human body, and performs various functions, such as regulation stress, anxiety, cognitive processes, nutrition behavior, etc. NPY activates 4 of its own receptors in humans, located in the brain and various internal organs, which explains its wide range of biological activity. Studies showing the therapeutic potential of neuropeptide Y and NPY receptor activating compounds for the correction of obesity, the treatment of alcohol addiction, the treatment of depression, stress, and post-traumatic stress disorder are given, its ability to influence the course of neurodegenerative diseases is shown. The development of drugs agonists and antagonists to NPY receptors. Compounds tumor target are developed. The development of drugs agonists and antagonists to NPY receptors. During development, compounds of both peptide and non-peptide nature that can activate NPY receptors are investigated. One of the ways of development is the modification of the NPY molecule at which chain reduction is carried out, using functionally important sectors, and the replacement of amino acid residues.
The aim of the study – to learn modern sources of literature on the medical use and potential benefits of neuropeptide Y drugs.
Conclusion. Based on the studied literature, it can be assumed that the study of the NPY system opens up a promising direction of targeted drug development for the correction of a number of metabolic disorders. Given the wide location of the points of application of NPY in the body, perhaps a therapeutic effect on various organs and systems.
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