REVIEW OF METHODS OF ULTRASONIC DIAGNOSTICS OF DEVELOPMENTAL DYSPLASIA OF THE HIP AND DETERMINATION OF THE MOST ACCEPTABLE FOR COMPUTER FORECASTING OF THE DISEASE
Background. The methods of ultrasonic diagnostics developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) and determination of the most suitable ones for computer prediction of the disease are reviewed. The main methods of ultrasound diagnosis of the hip joint are the methods of Graf, Rosendahl, Harcke and Morin, Terjesen, Dahlstrom. In addition to the above methods, dynamic DDH methods based on known methods are being successfully developed.
Results. It is shown that the use of computer technologies has perspectives in the diagnosis of hip dysplasia. System diagnosis and classification for DDH, based on subjective evaluation of the acetabular bone sac and the cartilage roof, as well as the measurements of the acetabular cartilage angle (в angle) and the angle of inclination of the acetabulum (a angle), (the Graph method ) was described. In addition, the diagnosis of DDH can be done by other methods. Measurement of femoral head coverage is described, as in the Morin method.
Conclusions. For computer analysis, the most appropriate methods that use to measure the geometry of the elements of the hip joint. The methods of the graph with the modification of the Rosendahl method, the Harcke-Morin method, the Terjesen method, from the authors' point of view, are the most suitable of the considered ones for the DDH computer processing, measurement and computer recognition.
ACR-AIUM practice guideline for the performance of the ultrasound examination for detection and assessment of developmental dysplasia of the hip (ACR guidelines), 2018. Retrieved from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/ pubmed/30308084.
Graf, R., Mohajer, M., Plattner, F. (2013). Hip sonography update. Quality-management, catastrophes-tips and tricks. Medical ultrasonography, 15 (4), 299.
Hip Dysplasia (2019). Retrieved from: https:// sportmedical.net/health-family/zdorove-rebenka/ displaziya-tazobedrennogo-sustava. [In Russian].
Graf, R. (1983). New possibilities for the diagnosis of congenital hip joint dislocation by ultrasonography. J Pediatr Orthop, 3, 354-9.
Graf, R. (1980). The diagnosis of congenital hip-joint dislocation by the ultrasonic Combound treatment. Arch Orthop Trauma Surg, 97 (2), 117-33.
Graf, R. (1992). Hip sonography-how reliable? Sector scanning versus linear scanning?Dynamic versus static examination? Clin Orthop, 18-21.
Rosendahl, K., Markestad, T., Lie, R. T. (1992). Ultrasound
in the early diagnosis of congenital dislocation of the hip: the significance of hip stability versus acetabular morphology. Pediatr Radiol, 22, 430-3.
Rosendahl, K., Markestad, T., Lie, R. T. (1996). Developmental dysplasia of the hip: prevalence based on ultrasound diagnosis. Pediatr Radiol, 26 (9), 635-9.
Harcke, H. T., Clarke, N. M. P., Lee, M. S., Borns, P. F.,
MacEwen, G. D. (1984). Examination of the infant hip with real-time ultrasonography. J Ultrasound Med, 3 (March), 131-7.
Morin, C., Harcke, H. T., MacEwen, G. D. (1985). The infant hip: real-time US assessment of acetabular development. Radiology, 157, 673-7.
Terjesen, T., Bredland, T., Berg, V. (1989). Ultrasound for hip assessment in the newborn. J Bone Joint Surg Br, Nov; 71 (5), 767-73.
Dahlstrom, H. (1989). Dynamic ultrasonic evaluation of congenital hip dislocation. University of Umea; 1989.
Saies, A. D., Foster, B. K., Lequesne, G. W. (1988). The value of a new ultrasound stress test in assessment and
treatment of clinically detected hip instability. J Pediatr Orthop, 8, 436-41.
Franke, J., Lazovic, D., Overhoff, H. M., von Jan, U., Ruhmann, O. (1997). New approaches to 3D-ultrasonographic imaging of infant hips. Orthopade, 26 (3), 210-4.
Gerscovich, E. O., Greenspan, A., Cronan, M. S., Karol, L. A., McGahan, J. P. (1994). Threedimensional sonographic evaluation of developmental dysplasia of the hip: preliminary findings. Radiology, 190, 407-10.
Sohn, C., Lenz, G. P., Thies, M. (1990). 3-dimensional ultrasound image of the infant hip. Ultraschall Med, 11 (6), 302-5.
Von Jan, U., Overhoff, H. M., Lazovic, D. (2000). 3-D visualization of the newborn's hip joint using ultrasound and automatic image segmentation. Stud Health Technol Inform, 77, 1170-4.
Dahlstrom, H., Oberg, L., Friberg, S. (1986). Sonography in congenital dislocation of the hip. Acta Orthop Scand, 57, 402-6.
Finnbogason Th. (2008). Dynamic ultrasonography in neonatal hip instability and acetabular dysplasia. Published by Karolinska Institutet. Printed by Universitetsservice.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
Journal Medical Informatics and Engineering allows the author(s) to hold the copyright without registration
Users can use, reuse and build upon the material published in the journal but only for non-commercial purposes
The majority of Medical Informatics and Engineering Open Access journals publish open access articles under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) License which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The remaining journals offer a choice of licenses.