INVESTIGATION OF MORPHOLOGICAL AND ANATOMICAL SIGNS OF GRASS AJUGA R.
Introduction. Actual task is to conduct modern pharmacy of medicinal plants research, has centuries-old experience of use.
The level of study of plants of the genus of the throat, growing on the territory of Ukraine is insufficient. An actual task of modern pharmacy is keeping researching the medicinal plants, which have centuries-old experience of use. Perspective objects for phytotherapy are representatives of the Ajuga L. genus, which are traditionally used in traditional and folk medicine in many countries for the treatment of the stomach diseases, urolithiasis, otitis, stomatitis, gallstone disease, inflammation of the uterine appendages, and also as an antimalarial and as a drug for improving metabolism. That is why a special interest is paid to the Ajuga reptans L. species, which is characteristic by a high content of the biologically active substances with anti-inflammatory, hemostatic, antioxidant effects. Perspective is the study of general and distinctive morphological and anatomical diagnostic signs of the structure of the plant material of the studied species of the genus Ajuga R. flora of Ukraine.
The aim of the study – to establish morphological anatomical signs of herb Ajuga R. for the allocation of diagnostic features.
Research methods. For researches we used air dry and freshly harvested and fixed in the mixture glycerol-ethanol-water (1:1:1) plant material.The research was carried out using well-known methods using microscopes LOMO P-1 and L.4 ().The obtained data was recorded using schematic drawings and photographs taken by the camcorder Canon A 720 IS.
Results and Discussion. As a result of macro and microscopic analysis diagnostic features of leaves, grass petals are established Ajuga reptans.
Conclusions. By the method of macroscopic analysis external signs of Ajuga reptans L. raw material were investigated and anatomical diagnostic features of Ajuga reptans L. leaves were determined. By the method of microscopic analysis it was determined that cells of the upper epidermis are with slightly sinuous walls and cells of the lower epidermis are with sinuous walls; diacytic type of stomata; simple hairs; essential-oil glands with large heads of 6-8 epithelial cells. The prospect and practical value of the study is the use of the established basic morphological and anatomical diagnostic features of Ajuga reptans L. herb for the development of the project of quality control methods for medicinal plant material.
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