Prevalence and structure of periodontal tissue diseases in overweight children

V. L. Kostura, E. V. Bezvushko

Abstract


Epidemiological studies in recent years have shown a high prevalence of periodontal tissue diseases in children and adolescents in the world and in Ukraine in particular. One of the main general factors in the development of periodontal tissue diseases is the presence of concomitant pathology, one of which is an excessive body weight.

The aim of the study – to learn the prevalence, structure and peculiarities of the clinical course of periodontal tissue diseases in overweight children.

Materials and Methods. 278 children with overweight (the main group) were examined. The comparison group was made of 292 children with normal body weight. The study was conducted in age groups of 7, 12, 15 years old. The state of the periodontal tissues of the examined persons was objectified according to the classification of Danylevskyi (1994) and by using of the periodontal indices of PMA, CPI and hygienic index OHI-S. On the basis of the anthropometric examinations, the body mass index (BMI) was calculated.

Results and Discussion. The results of the dental examination showed that the number of overweight children with intact periodontium was significantly lower (32.01 ± 2.8 %) compared with children with normal body mass (53.08 ± 2.92 %) (p <0.01). On the other hand, the inflammatory process in the tissues of periodontium in overweight children, on average, was 67.99 ± 2.80 %, which was much higher in relation to children with normal body mass – 46.92 ± 2.92 % (p <0.01).

Conclusions. The results of the examination of periodontal tissues in overweight children indicate a high incidence and severity of inflammatory processes in periodontal tissues compared with normal weight children.


Keywords


children; overweight; chronic catarrhal gingivitis.

References


Danylevskyi, N.F., & Borysenko, A.V. (2001). Do pytannia shchodo etiolohii, klasyfikatsii ta terminolohii zakhvoriuvan parodontu [To the issue of etiology, classification and terminology of periodontal diseases]. Novyny stomatolohii – News of Dentistry, 1, 8-10 [in Ukrainian].

Khomenko, L.O., Ostapko, O.I., & Bidenko, N.V. (2009). Suchasnyi pohliad na klasyfikatsiiu zakhvoriuvan parodontu u ditei [A modern view on the classification of periodontal diseases in children]. Profilaktychna ta dytiacha stomatolohiia – Preventive and Pediatric Dentistry, 1, 6-11 [in Ukrainian].

Sfasciotti, G.L., Marini, R., Pacifici, A., Ierardo, G., Pacifici, L., & Polimeni, A. (2017). Childhood overweight-obesity and periodontal diseases: is there a real correlation? Ann Stomatol., 7, (3), 65-72.

Ostapko, O.I., & Tymofeieva, O.O. (2007). Statystychna otsinka chynnykiv ryzyku i prohnozuvannia rozvytku zakhvoriuvan parodontu u ditei [Statistical estimation of risk factors and prognostication of the development of periodontal diseases in children]. Naukovyi visnyk NMU imeni O. O. Bohomoltsia, Spets. vyp. – Scientific Journal of the NMU of O. O. Bohomolets, Spec. edition, 165-169 [in Ukrainian].

Klitynska, O.V., Melnyk, V.S., & Stupnytska, O.M. (2012). Analiz stanu tkanyn parodonta u shkoliariv mista Uzhhoroda [Analysis of the condition of periodontal tissues among schoolchildren in the city of Uzhhorod]. Ukrainskyi medychnyi almanakh – Ukrainian Medical Almanac, 15 (3), 89-90 [in Ukrainian].

Lifshitz, F., Casavalle, P.L., Bordoni, N., Rodriguez, P.N., & Friedman S.M. (2016). Oral health in children with obesity or diabetes mellitus. Pediatr. Endocrinol. Rev., 14, (2), 159-167.

Ohniev, V.A., & Pomohaibo, K.H. (2016). Analiz ta otsinka spravzhnoho rivnia poshyrenosti nadmirnoi vahy ta ozhyrinnia sered ditei shkilnoho viku m. Kharkova [Analysis and assessment of the true prevalence of overweight and obesity among school-age children in Kharkiv]. Zdorovia natsii – The Health of the Nation, 4/1 (41), 172-176 [in Ukrainian].

Moskalenko, V.F., Hruzieva, T.S., & Haliienko, L.I. (2011). Nadlyshkova masa tila ta ozhyrinnia yak skladnyky formuvannia zahalnoho tiaharia khvorob ta pohirshennia yakosti zhyttia. Skhidnoievropeiskyi zhurn. hromad. Zdorovia – Eastern European Journal Communities. Health, 1, 164-165 [in Ukrainian].

ttp://www.who.int/growthref/who2007_bmi_for_age/en/




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.11603/2311-9624.2017.2.7953

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.